A Directory of Archives useful for history of Archaeology Research.
For the 100th anniversary of excavations in Mycenae, which began in 1920, Cambridge Digital Library is hosting the digitised archive of the historic British School at Athens led excavations at the site between the 1920s and the 1950s.
Scope: photographs, drawings, notebooks, plans, excavation records
Digital Mycenae webpage: https://www.cam.ac.uk/stories/digitalmycenae
Mycenae Archive via Cambridge Library Online:
harvard University Library Collections
Harvard University Library has digitised and made openly available archives relating to the Harvard Expedition to Samaria, led by American archaeologist George Andrew Reisner, between 1908 and 1910. The archives include Reisner's diaries from the period, and diaries from a few of his colleagues, including Gottlieb Schumacher,
David Gordon Lyon, and Clarence Stanley Fisher.
Scope: diaries, photographs, expedition admin documents
Reisner diaries 1909-10
Fisher journal 1908
Lyon diary 1908-11
Schumacher diary 1908
Schumacher Report 1908
Expedition summary 1909
Harvard expedition to Samaria notebook 1910
Expedition correspondence 1901-9
AWOL, 2014. Harvard Expedition to Samaria 1908-10. Ancient World Online.
Founded in 1881, the American School of Classical Studies at Athens continues to be an integral part of archaeological research in Greece, along with the other 'foreign' schools in Athens. The ASCSA has extensive archival collections, including the personal papers of staff and students, excavation records, administrative history records, and photographs.
Archive webpage: https://www.ascsa.edu.gr/research/personal-papers-and-archives
Downloadable annual reports (from 1881): https://www.ascsa.edu.gr/ascsa-annual-reports
Explore the history of the School through "From the Archivist's Notebook" the blog of School archivist Natalia Vogiekoff-Brogan.
The Historic Environment Image Resource (HEIR) project at the School of Archaeology, University of Oxford is digitising historic lantern slides, dating from the late 19th to mid-20th centuries, in various collections in the University. Photographs cover a wide geographical area. An app developed in conjunction with the digitisation project enables users to upload their own current photographs of the sites represented in the lantern slides, and help HEIR archivists to create keywords for the digitised images.
Image database: http://heir.arch.ox.ac.uk
Project blog: https://heiroxford.wordpress.com/
Founded in 1879, the Hellenic Society continues to support research in the classical world. With subscriptions, it helped to finance travels and explorations into Greece and Asia Minor in the 1880s and provided grants for some of the early British School at Athens students.
The Society has made some of its archive relating to its founder George Macmillan, and one of the archaeologists it first supported, William Mitchell Ramsay, available online. The Society also holds the photographic collection of WJ Stillman, comprising historic images of Greece.
Digital Collections: https://www.hellenicsociety.org.uk/about-us/george-a-macmillan-lettres/
Doyle, Richella. 2009. The Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies Archive of George A. Macmillan's Personal Papers. Archaeological Reports 56: 203-218.
Ure Museum Archives
Held in the University of Reading's Ure Museum of Greek Archaeology. Records relate to the history of excavations mainly in Greece in the early 20th century. Includes correspondence to the Museum's founders, Percy Ure and Annie Ure, from various Greek archaeologists.
More details on the Museum's holdings here.
Scope of collections: correspondence, letters, diaries, research notes and journals, excavation records, photographs, maps, museum records.
Research blog: https://research.reading.ac.uk/curiosi/ure-routes/
Archive webpage: https://collections.reading.ac.uk/ure-museum/explore/collections-overview/archives/
Giza Archive Project
Covering the work of the Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts Boston excavations at Giza in the early 20th century. The lives of American archaeologist George Andrew Reisner (1867-1942), his wife Mary Reisner and daughter Mary B. Reisner and their co-workers on site are also represented. The archive is keyword-searchable.
Scope of Collections:
Photographs, maps, documents
Gertrude Bell Archive
Summary by Amara Thornton
Gertrude Bell (1868-1926) was a British traveller, archaeologist and political official, who is most well known for her participation in intelligence with the Arab Bureau during the First World War, her subsequent role as Political Advisor to the Cairo Peace Conference in 1919, and her role as the Director of Antiquities in Iraq from 1922 to 1926 and founder of the Museum of Antiquities (now Iraq Museum) in Baghdad. Educated at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, in Modern History, Bell made her name as a noted traveller and mountaineer from the 1890s onwards, publishing several travel books before the First World War.
Newcastle University holds a large collection of Bell's letters, diaries and photographs showing her life and explorations in the Middle East. The University has also developed a comic book based on Bell's life and letters, as well as teachers' resources for schools.
Scope of collection:
photographs (inc. Syria, Lebanon, Turkey, Balkans, India, Pakistan, Iraq, Canada and Bell's "personalia"), diaries (1877-1917), letters (1874-1926)
University Website: http://gertrudebell.ncl.ac.uk/
Archive website: https://research.ncl.ac.uk/gertrudebell/
British School at Rome
Founded in 1901, the British School at Rome joined the British School at Athens (est. 1886) as a centre for archaeologists, architects, artists and travellers to engage with the archaeology, architecture, art and history of Rome, Italy and beyond. Originally housed in the Palazzo Odescalchi, in 1916 the BSR moved to its current premises, a converted Edwin Lutyens building originally designed as the British Pavilion in the 1911 International Exhibition.
One early BSR director was Thomas Ashby, who alongside Assistant Director Eugénie Sellers Strong presided over the School in early 20th century. The archaeologist John Ward-Perkins, Director of the BSA just after WW2, also made an important contribution to archaeology in Italy through field surveys.
Archive projects include "Thomas Ashby and the First World War" and "Ashby and the Abruzzo".
Scope of collections:
Photographs, documents (inc. School administrative records, correspondence), maps, prints
Archives webpage: http://www.bsr.ac.uk/library/archive
Digital Collections website: www.bsr.ac.uk/library/digital-collections; http://www.bsrdigitalcollections.it/
Alessandra Giovenco, Archivist
Dyson, S. 2001. Eugenie Sellers Strong: Portrait of an Archaeologist.
Wallace-Hadrill, A. 2001. The British School at Rome: One Hundred Years. London: British School at Rome.
British School at Athens
Founded in 1886, the British School at Athens (BSA) continues to be a centre for the study of archaeology, art and architecture of ancient Greece and the Greek world. The BSA has an extensive archive including administrative records of the School, records of the School's many excavations, and personal papers. A recent addition to the School's Digital Collections is the 1887 diary of Emily Penrose, daughter of the School's first Director Francis Cranmer Penrose, charting her time in Athens.
Archive webpage: www.bsa.ac.uk/about-us/archive/
Digital Collections: https://digital.bsa.ac.uk/